|Country of manufacture||China|
Hexane represents colorless mobile, flammable liquid with the slight smell reminding a dichloroethane, we will well dissolve in organic solvents, is not soluble in water. It is the saturated hydrocarbon of a linear structure belonging to the class of alkanes. Has five isomers: n-Geksan, 2 Methylpentane (isohexane), 3 Methylpentane, 2,3 Dimethylbutane (diisopropyl), 2,2 Dimethylbutane (neohexane). In view of low octane number (25) hexane - an undesirable component of synthetic petrol. Density - 0,6548 g/cm ³, Melting temperature: -95 °C, Boiling temperature: 68 °C.
Hexane contains in significant amounts in gasoline of straight-run distillation. Large amounts of isohexanes are in gasoline of catalytic cracking and gasoline of alkylation. Hexane is emitted from gasoline fractions nefty and gas condensates with distillation.
Use of hexane:
- at extraction of vegetable oils, as organic solvent.
- as solvent and a thinner for paints, varnishes.
- as the degreasing agent;
- as unpolar solvent for carrying out chemical reactions;
- as extragent of vegetable oils from natural raw materials;
- as liquid in low-temperature thermometers;
Isohexanes (2,2 dimethylbutane and 2,3 dimethylbutane) - are used as the additives to motor fuel improving its quality.
In oil production, hexane - the best means for dissolution of paraffin traffic jams.
Hexane and in nanotechnology is applied, in particular iron nanopowder is moistened surely with hexane for prevention of self-ignition on air.
In the conditions of aromatization of oil products and catalytic reforming, hexane degidrotsiklizutsya in benzene.
Hexane is strongly flammable. Category of potential of explosion and group of explosive mixtures - IIA-T3. Not allow naked flame, sparks and smoking. Self-ignition temperature: 240 °C. Explosive limits, % volume in air - 1,1-7,5.
Mixes of couples/air are explosive. Not use compressed air for filling, release or at the address. Use the tools which are not giving sparks. In case of fire: keep barrels and so forth cooled, pouring over them water, powder, AFFF, foam, carbon dioxide. Firefighters should be dressed in a complete set of protective clothes, including the independent respiratory device.
At inhalation - dizziness, drowsiness, slackness, a headache, the complicated breath, nausea, loss of consciousness, weakness. It is necessary - ventilation, a local extract or protection of respiratory organs. Fresh air, rest. Ask for medical care.
Skin - Dryness of skin. Reddening. Protective gloves. Remove the contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash out skin water with soap. Ask for medical care.
Eyes - Reddening. Pain. Use protective points masks, the face guard or protection of eyes in combination with protection of respiratory organs. In the beginning to wash out a large amount of water within several minutes, then to deliver to the doctor.
Proglatyvaniye - Belly-ache. Not eat food, not drink and not smoke during an operating time. Rinse a mouth. Not cause vomiting. Rest. Ask for medical care.
At leak as soon as possible to collect the leaking and spilled liquid in hermetic containers. Fill up the remained liquid with sand or inert absorbent, collect and remove it to the safe place. Not merge in the sewerage. (additional personal protection: independent respiratory device).
Store protected from fire, separately from strong oxidizers, well closed.
Packaging, transportation and storage
Transportation and storage in the dry, cool, protected from light place in densely closed container is recommended. Good ventilation should be organized. Transport and store separately from flammable substances. The mark a special information sign is obligatory, the place of transportation and storage should be safe.
LLC Company Plazma ® carries out deliveries of chemical products from a warehouse in Kharkiv in terms and for reasonable prices, on conditions, favorable to you.